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Title: A systematic examination of the neural correlates of subjective time perception with fMRI and tDCS
Authors: Dr. LI Wang On, Alex 
Prof. YU Kai Ching, Calvin 
Yuen, Sung Lai Kenneth 
Issue Date: 2022
Source: NeuroImage, Oct. 2022, vol. 260, article no. 119368.
Journal: NeuroImage 
Abstract: The ability to keep track of time is one of the fundamental human behaviours that enhance survival in the wild. It is still an essential skill that enables an individual to function well in modern society. In the present study, we tested the attentional gate model, one of the most common conceptual frameworks in studies of subjective time perception. Its utility has been well established, but it has been criticised for its lack of neurophysiological support; few studies attempted to systematically identify its components and their neural correlates. Previous studies established that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was associated with working memory tasks and a correlation between activity in the cerebellum and the timing of tasks. An fMRI study was conducted to confirm that these two cortical regions were activated during the execution of a new time discrimination task that considers individual variations in subjective time perception. Simulations were conducted to optimize the electrode placement in order to maximize the electric fields of tDCS perturbation to these two areas. According to the attentional gate model, hypotheses about tDCS perturbation to subjective time perception, attention and working memory were formulated and tested. Attention and working memory were measured by the attention network and n-back tasks. There are weak effects to the perceived subjective equivalent and the reaction time in the attention network task, but both are not statistically significant after correction for multiple comparisons. Exploration analyses show a link between attention and subjective time perception after tDCS perturbation. To conclude, the results do not support the attentional gate model, but show a linkage between attention and subjective time perception in terms of similar neural circuits and their relationships under certain circumstances.
Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Article
ISSN: 1053-8119
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119368
Appears in Collections:Counselling and Psychology - Publication

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