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Title: Factors influencing TikTok engagement behaviors in China: An examination of gratifications sought, narcissism, and the big five personality traits
Authors: Meng, Keira Shuyang 
Prof. LEUNG Wing Chi, Louis 
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Source: Telecommunications Policy, Aug. 2021, vol. 45(7), article no. 102172
Journal: Telecommunications Policy 
Abstract: As an over-the-top (OTT) and non-subscription-based video-on-demand media service, mobile short-form video application (e.g., TikTok or Douyin) is a free video-sharing social networking service (SNS) distributing short-form video content to smartphones, smart TVs, and tablets. This study investigates the roles of gratifications-sought, narcissism, and personality traits in TikTok engagement behaviors (i.e., contribution, enhancement, and creation) in China. Data were gathered from a sample of 526 TikTok users through an online questionnaire survey in 2020. Factor analysis confirmed nine gratifications sought: escape, fashion, entertainment, information seeking, money making, sociability seeking, navigability, modality, and interactivity. In particular, extraverts and people with the quality of being vain were most active in the contributing, enhancing, and creating TikTok engagement behaviors. The results also show that exhibitionists and people who are more open to new experiences were found to create more, while narcissists with an attitude of entitlement also engaging strongly in giving likes, commenting, forwarding TikToks, and following others. Theoretical and practical implications are also discussed.
Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Article
ISSN: 0308-5961
DOI: 10.1016/j.telpol.2021.102172
Appears in Collections:Journalism & Communication - Publication

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