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Title: The interaction effect of gender and residential environment, individual resources, and needs satisfaction on quality of life among older adults in the United Kingdom
Authors: Dr. LIU Chi Pun, Ben 
Leung, Dion Sik-yee 
Warrener, Julia 
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, 2019, vol. 5, article no. p.233372141987857.
Journal: Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine 
Abstract: Objectives: To examine the difference in gender and its impact on selected quality-of-life (QoL) domains of Social Production Function theory among older adults in England. Method: Based on an annual national adult social care service user survey conducted in the United Kingdom in 2016. QoL was assessed by a single-item construct, and independent variables were home design, access to information and local area, self-rated health, perceived pain/discomfort, perceived anxiety/depression, activities of daily living, use and satisfaction of formal and informal care, and demographic variables. Results: A total of 28,955 respondents aged 65+ years were interviewed. Multinomial logistic regression analysis found four interaction effects for predicting a very good/good QoL: (a) Female receiving non-co-residing informal care (odds ratio [OR] = 1.501, p < .01), (b) female feeling safe (OR = 1.499, p < .01), (c) female feeling satisfied with social contact with people (OR = 1.465, p < .05), and (d) female being helped in the use of time (OR = 1.370, p < .05). Conclusion: Findings suggest gender differences in QoL as men and women are heterogeneous with different health and disease patterns, health-/help-seeking behaviors, roles and responsibilities, and levels of resilience, needs, risks, and access and control resources. Practitioners should adopt a gender-specific assessment and personalized interventions to promote gender equality, empowerment, and long-term sustainable development for an aging society.
Type: Peer Reviewed Journal Article
ISSN: 2333-7214
DOI: 10.1177/2333721419878579
Appears in Collections:Social Work - Publication

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